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阿德莱德论文代写:桑德斯

阿德莱德论文代写:桑德斯

桑德斯等人。(2007)提到,研究哲学取决于你对知识发展的思考。它是由他们提出的研究洋葱的第一层。据他们说,有三种方法来研究哲学。他们在认识论、本体论和价值论。认识论是研究领域中可接受的知识;本体论是关于现实,在所有阶段的研究过程中研究者的价值论研究的性质。

他们认为,哲学的选择取决于所提出的研究问题,研究人员认为,要使用的方法是认识论。jancowickz(2000)提到的认识论作为认识个人的理论和研究人员感到知识,他算是证据与证明他不。

桑德斯等人。(2007)提到,有三位即认识论、实证主义、解释主义,和现实主义。

实证主义:桑德斯等人。(2007)提到,如果研究哲学反映了实证主义的原则,那么,我们可能会采取一个自然科学家的哲学立场。据布莱恩钟(2007)实证主义认识论的立场,主张自然科学方法应用到研究社会现实与超越。蕾莉(2006)定义的实证主义作为一种信念,只有真正的知识是科学的性格,描述真正的和可观察的现象之间的相互关系。

阐释:这是一个哲学研究者在批判实证主义,认为丰富的见解,到复杂的世界,如果这种复杂性是完全降低到一系列法律像失落的世界。它还强调,对从事的人而不是有形的物体之间的差异研究。

现实主义:这是一种哲学的方法,它是基于一个现实存在,是独立于人类的思想和信仰。它持有实证主义和科学问题的许多想法,“什么是”被认为是可以接受的知识。在现实中,该方法假设数据开发的科学方法和支撑数据和这些数据的理解集合。(桑德斯et al.,2007,P105)。现实主义有两种类型,即批判现实主义和直接现实主义。直接现实主义是研究者通过他的感觉的经验,准确地代表世界。在批判现实主义中,研究者所体验的是现实世界中的事物的感觉和形象,而不是真实的东西。如果您在南澳需要学习难题或没空写论文作业,可以使用我们的 阿德莱德论文代写服务

阿德莱德论文代写:桑德斯

Saunders et al. (2007) mentions that research philosophy depends on the way you think about the development of knowledge. It is the first layer in the research onion proposed by them. According to them, there are three approaches to research philosophy. They are epistemology, ontology and axiology. Epistemology constitutes with the acceptable knowledge in the field of study; ontology is concerned with nature of reality where as axiology studies about the researcher’s value in all stage of research process.

They argue that the choice of philosophy depends on the research question posed and the researcher feels that the approach that has to be used is Epistemology. Jancowickz (2000) mentioned epistemology as personal theory of knowing and what researcher feels as knowledge, what he counts as evidence and proof and what he does not.

Saunders et al. (2007) mentioned that there are three epistemological positions namely, positivism, interpretivism, and realism.

Positivism: Saunders et al. (2007) mentions that if research philosophy reflects the principles of positivism, then we will probably adopt the philosophical stance of a natural scientist. According to Bryman & Bell (2007) positivism is an epistemological position that advocates the application of methods of natural sciences to study of social reality and beyond. Reilly (2006) defined positivism as a belief that only true knowledge is scientific in character, describing interrelationships between real and observable phenomena.

Interpretivism: This is a philosophy where researcher be critical of positivism and argue that rich insights, into complex world are lost if such complexity is reduced entirely to a series of law like generations. It also emphasises on the difference between conducting a research among people rather than tangible objects.

Realism: This is a philosophical approach which is based on that a reality exists that is independent of human thoughts and beliefs. It holds many thoughts from positivism and it scientifically questions ‘what is’ regarded as acceptable knowledge. In realism, the approach assumes a scientific approach to the development of data and underpins the collection of data and understanding of those data. (Saunders et al., 2007, p105). There are two types of realism namely critical realism and direct realism. Direct realism is what the researcher experience through his senses represents the world accurately. In critical realism, what the researcher experiences are sensations and images of the things in the real world, but not the real thing.