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澳洲阿德莱德论文代写:教育系统

最大的挑战是重建被彻底摧毁的教育系统,从下到上,从上到下。苏联改革后的教育系统包括了大众,但这一系统从未完全投入使用。教育机会在很大程度上留给了那些有机会进入城市地区的人,在这些地区,即使是女孩也被允许在喀布尔的大学上学,在那里男女同校是苏联的政策。然而,在内战结束的时候,当然也在塔利班统治结束的时候,大学被摧毁了,在提供课程的时候几乎没有任何功能。如前所述,教师们要么已经逃离,要么已经死亡,建筑物被掏空并被抢劫。校园被拆除,要么是士兵试图清除反对派部队的藏身之处,要么是平民在寻找柴火。家具被偷了,并被打碎用于家庭取暖;设备被掠夺;甚至连电线都从还矗立着的建筑物中剥离出来,在黑市上出售。图书馆和实验室是可怕的文物,证明了学习符号的破坏。试图重新开放大学始于2002年,该国的公民开始扭转许多阿富汗人归来的难民营在巴基斯坦和伊朗或来自其他国家,他们被流放包括美国、加拿大、伊朗,英国,德国和其他国家。其中一些人能够在由卡尔扎伊总统领导的新政府中担任领导职务,在民主选举中,一些人能够恢复大学和学校。来自重新开始在喀布尔大学学习的学生们的故事讲述了他们在大学校园的高高的草丛中穿过人骨的故事,而在此之前,这里曾是交战人群的聚集地。

澳洲阿德莱德论文代写:教育系统

The biggest challenge was that of re-building the totally destroyed education system from the bottom up and from the top down. The education system reformed by the Soviets to include the masses had never been fully operational. Educational opportunity was left largely to those who had access to urban areas where even girls were allowed to attend schools at the university in Kabul where co-educational classes had been the Soviet policy. However, by the end of the Civil War and certainly by the end of the Taliban rule, the universities had been destroyed and were barely functional when offering classes at all. As described earlier, faculty had fled or were dead, buildings were gutted and marauded. Campuses were denuded either by soldiers trying to eliminate hiding places for opposition forces, or by civilians seeking firewood. Furniture was stolen and broken up to use for home heating; equipment was looted; even the electrical wiring was stripped from buildings still standing and taken for sale in the black market. Libraries and laboratories were ghostly artifacts attesting to the destruction of symbols of learning.As the attempt to re-open universities began in 2002, the flow of citizens from the country began to reverse with many Afghans returning from refugee camps in Pakistan and Iran or from other countries in which they were exiled including the United States, Canada, Iran, Great Britain, Germany and other countries. Some of these returning were able to take positions of leadership in the new government headed by President Karzai in a democratic election, and some were capable of restoring the universities and the schools. Stories from students who began to study again at Kabul University tell of walking across human bones on the tall grasses of the university campus that had earlier been a site of warring groups.