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澳洲法学论文代写:公司法

自所罗门诉所罗门股份有限公司一案的判决以来,英美法系就确立了独立法人的原则,即公司的法人人格、权利和义务与其股东完全不同。公司法人人格是英美法系的一项原则,它赋予公司独立于组成公司的成员的法律身份。另一方面,也就是说,一个公司的财产属于该公司,该公司的债务必须由该公司的资产偿还,该公司具有永久继承权,直至清盘为止。当公司收到公司注册证书时,它自动成为“独立的法人”。在法律上,公司成为法人意味着它自己的权利。这本质上意味着,如果一个人以有限责任公司的形式开始经营,那么该公司或公司就是一个与所有者、成员或股东具有不同法人人格的法人实体。这就是所谓的法人人格的概念。“公司注册的面纱”可以被描述为公司与其成员之间的分离。由于公司的法律地位与其成员是分开的,这通常是非常严格地保持。然而,在某些情况下,法院会否认经营公司的人隐藏在公司面纱背后的优势。在这些情况下,公司成立的面纱被称为“解除”,公司和其成员之间的障碍被消除,因此他们之间没有法律上的分离。然而,有些情况是难以预测的,因为原因取决于法官对“公平”或“政策”的解释,或某一特定规约应如何解释。

澳洲法学论文代写:公司法

The principle of separate corporate personality has been firmly established in the common law since the decision in the case of Salomon v Salomon & Co Ltd, whereby a corporation has a separate legal personality, rights and obligations totally distinct from those of its shareholders. Corporate personality is a common law principle that grants a company a legal identity, separate from the members who comprise it. On the other hand, it follows that the property of a company belongs to that company, debts of the company must be satisfied from the assets of that company, and the company has perpetual succession until wound up.When a company receives a certificate of incorporation it automatically be a ‘separate legal personality’. In law when the company becomes a legal person it means its own right. This essentially means that if one commences business as a limited liability company, then the corporation or company is a legal entity with distinct legal personality separate to that of the owners, members, or shareholders. This is known as the concept of legal personality.The ‘veil of incorporation’ can be described as being the separation between a company and its members. Due to the separate legal status of a company from its members this is usually very strictly maintained. However, there are certain circumstances when the courts will deny the people who run the company the advantage of hiding behind the corporate veil. In these instances the veil of incorporation is said to be ‘lifted’, the barrier between a company and its members is removed so there is no legal separation between them. There instances are however, difficult to predict as the reasons depend on the judges interpretation of “fairness” or “policy” or of how a particular statute should be interpreted.