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澳洲发展研究学Assignment代写:双因素理论

根据文献资料,有关教师工作满意度的研究各有不同的研究方向和相关影响因素。大量关于高等教育工作满意度的研究采用了赫茨伯格提出的双因素理论。这一理论强调,工作满意度的来源是工作本身的本质,也是激励的因素,而环境或工作氛围通常是不满发生的原因。赫茨伯格(1968)提出工作满意度的两个维度:动机和卫生两种主要类型的人,工作中的一些内在因素,如成就、认可和责任是与工作满意度相关的激励因素。这些因素与工作本身的性质和可能的结果有关。它关注的是,这些激励因素应该满足个人的要求,他们的工作。他们可以获得奖励,只能从这些因素提高自己的欲望。在一些与工作环境相关的外在因素如工资、工作条件、班级规模、同事关系、福利待遇、工作安全卫生因素与工作不满意相关。当这些因素是积极的,工作满意度可能会导致。但是,如果这些都不能接受,工作满意度的障碍将出来。Furnham(1992)声称,满足保健因素本身要求不能获得工作满意度可协助减少不满的水平,甚至删除它。

澳洲发展研究学Assignment代写:双因素理论

According to literatures, every studies about teacher job satisfaction has different research orientation and related affect elements. A great amount of researches about job satisfaction in higher education have utilized the dual-factor theory which was offered by Herzberg. This theory emphasized that the source of job satisfaction is the nature of the work itself which is also a factor of motivation, while the environment or working atmosphere are usually the reason of dissatisfaction occurs. Herzberg (1968) suggested that two dimensions of job satisfaction: motivation and hygiene which are two major types of people needs.Some intrinsic elements of a job, such as achievement, recognition and responsibility are motivational factors which are related in job satisfaction. Those factors are related to the nature of the job itself and the possible outcomes. It is concerned that those motivational factors are supposed to satisfy the requirement of an individual for their jobs. They can obtain the rewards which could enhance their own desire only from those factors.In term of some extrinsic elements associated with the work environment such as salary, working conditions, class size, co-worker relations, benefits and job security are hygiene factors that are related to job dissatisfaction. When those factors are positive, the job satisfaction may result. But if these are unacceptable, the barriers to job satisfaction will come out. Furnham (1992) claimed that fulfil the requirement of the hygiene factors itself cannot gain job satisfaction but it could assist to decline the level of dissatisfaction, even remove it.

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