According to literatures, every studies about teacher job satisfaction has different research orientation and related affect elements. A great amount of researches about job satisfaction in higher education have utilized the dual-factor theory which was offered by Herzberg. This theory emphasized that the source of job satisfaction is the nature of the work itself which is also a factor of motivation, while the environment or working atmosphere are usually the reason of dissatisfaction occurs. Herzberg (1968) suggested that two dimensions of job satisfaction: motivation and hygiene which are two major types of people needs.Some intrinsic elements of a job, such as achievement, recognition and responsibility are motivational factors which are related in job satisfaction. Those factors are related to the nature of the job itself and the possible outcomes. It is concerned that those motivational factors are supposed to satisfy the requirement of an individual for their jobs. They can obtain the rewards which could enhance their own desire only from those factors.In term of some extrinsic elements associated with the work environment such as salary, working conditions, class size, co-worker relations, benefits and job security are hygiene factors that are related to job dissatisfaction. When those factors are positive, the job satisfaction may result. But if these are unacceptable, the barriers to job satisfaction will come out. Furnham (1992) claimed that fulfil the requirement of the hygiene factors itself cannot gain job satisfaction but it could assist to decline the level of dissatisfaction, even remove it.
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