The survey revealed that out of 335 nursing personnel, 71.6% were absolutely unaware of the fact that hand washing for 30 sec to 1 min can minimize the majority of infections, although 74.62% were aware of the fact that when hand washing is necessary to practice. Regarding practice, 35.5% use sanitizers while 47.2% use antiseptic or normal soap for washing hands, 67.8% practice hand washing before & after coming in contact with patients. Only 43.7% took some treatment after needle prick while others having more experience do not feel the necessity to take any treatment. Only 36.1% adopt sterile techniques after hand washing. Surveillance was below average (46.6%). The striking reasons found for poor practices were either lack of knowledge, facilities or intense patient flow. The survey also revealed that as the experience advances, the enthusiasm to work decreases.
Hand hygiene knowledge and practice of nursing staff is part & parcel for minimizing infections. So, adequate hand washing facilities, adherence to practice and strict surveillance system for hand hygiene is essential to combat increasing incidence of infections.