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澳洲留学生代写作业:经验主义与理性主义

经验主义与理性主义的争论始于认识论,即对知识的研究。认识论试图回答以下问题:什么是知识?,我们能知道什么?观点和知识之间的区别是什么?知识的研究始于希腊的前苏格拉底思想家,早在公元前6世纪和5世纪,前苏格拉底的泽诺是第一个创立了理性主义和经验主义两大哲学流派的思想家,这两大学派后来逐渐成为其他哲学家关注的焦点。理性主义被定义为认识论观点,即真正的知识来源于理性和头脑。这一学派的思想是建立在先天的基础上的:可以独立于观察而被了解的真理;以及先天的观念:相信从出生就存在的观念。另一方面,经验主义认为真正的知识来自于感觉经验。经验主义者认为,先验和先天的观念是不存在的,而所有重要的知识都来自于后验,即相信真理只有通过观察才能建立起来。芝诺选择关注来自数学或理性主义的信息,因为他相信这些信息是确定的。他认为来自感官或经验主义的信息可能具有欺骗性。从那里,我们获取知识的方式继续被争论。在十七、十八世纪,哲学家们开始站在他们认为是知识来源的一方。他们形成了两个群体:大陆理性主义者和英国经验主义者。

澳洲留学生代写作业:经验主义与理性主义

The dispute between empiricism and rationalism begins within epistemology, the study of knowledge. Epistemology attempts to answer the questions: what is knowledge?, what can we know?, and what is the difference between opinion an knowledge? The study of knowledge began in Greece with the Pre-Socratic thinkers, as far back as the sixth and fifth centuries B.C.E. Zeno, a Pre-Socratic, is the first thinker to bring about the two schools of philosophy, rationalism and empiricism, which would grow to become a popular focus among other philosophers. Rationalism is defined as the epistemological view that true knowledge is derived from reason and from within the mind. This school of thought is based off of the a priori: truths that can be known independently of observations, and innate ideas: ideas believed to be present from birth. Empiricism, on the other hand, is the view that true knowledge is derived from sense experience. Empiricists believed that a priori and innate ideas were none existent, and rather all significant knowledge came from the a posteriori, the belief that truth is established only through observation. Zeno chose to focus on information derived from mathematics or rationalism, because he believed this information to be certain. He thought that information derived from the senses, or empiricism, could be deceiving. From there, the way by which we obtain knowledge continued to be argued over. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, philosophers began to take sides as to what they believed was the source of knowledge. They formed two groups: the Continental rationalists and the British empiricists.