Descartes imagines an “evil demon” at the end of Meditation because he uses this concept to illustrate that most knowledge is dubious and that one must start from a position of skepticism if they are to be able to truly find a trustworthy foundation for verifiable knowledge. To this end, Descartes remarks how, in realizing that he would need to start his pursuit of knowledge from scratch, “I would need to tear down everything and begin anew from the foundations if I wanted to establish any firm and lasting knowledge” (Descartes 157L). Thus, in devising a theoretical “evil demon” that can mislead humans into positions of false knowledge, Descartes is beginning to “tear down everything and begin anew” in his pursuit of “firm and lasting knowledge”.Zhuangzi makes similar arguments in pursuit of establishing skepticism in his own scholarship. For one, Zhuangzi makes the skeptical argument that knowledge is ultimately impossible because, for him, the divide between subjectivity and objectivity cannot be overcome. He argues such because he maintains that “Everything is merely subjective; there is no such thing as objectivity. So there is no such thing as knowledge” (Zhuangzi 322). In this sense, he views knowledge as impossible because humans are only capable of having imperfect subjective perspectives. Building off of this contention of ultimate subjectivity, Zhuangzi makes another skeptical argument on the basis of “universal variability,” with universal variability being the notion that since everyone perceives things differently, “There is no way to decide which perceptions ought to be trusted,” (Zhuangzi 322) which again provides us with the implication that objective knowledge is impossible.