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澳洲论文代写:专制政权

然而,文化相对主义对人权的最基本的弱点在工作在于阐明论点的人之间的利益冲突和他们所代表的人。往往,文化相对主义所宣称专制政权的实践与当地和本土文化更有自己的自我保护。4文化决策者是那些能够代表该组织并向外界表达组值。这种发言人可能只强调元素担保他们的立场。这是特别重要的在多民族、多元文化的国家,不仅会很难建立一个基于文化价值的地方,也是一个国家认同集团主导着别人在最好的情况下,公然歧视。有人试图在波黑定义“文化”是什么?还是在卢旺达?文化是一种构造更现实,人们总是可以找到不同程度的忠诚。事实上,文化相对主义的批评之一是,它会导致碎片。文化相对主义作为一个工具是一个合法化的行为旨在保护的权力结构。在对伊朗妇女的一项研究中,凯伦米勒说明“拒绝的性格如果普遍性,相对主义仅仅延续传统的实践。”米勒坚持明显的事实一般女人没有很大一部分决定文化,因为传统上,男性活动设置标准。事实上,针对妇女的暴力行为似乎是常见的许多文化。

澳洲论文代写:专制政权

However, cultural relativism’s most fundamental weakness in the work towards Human Rights lies in the conflict of interest between the people who articulate the argument and those they represent. More often than not, cultural relativism is claimed by repressive regimes whose practices have nothing to do with local or indigenous cultures but more with their own self-preservation.4 Cultural policymakers are those who can speak for the group and articulate the group values to the outside world. Such spokesmen are likely to only stress the elements insuring their position. This is especially important in multi-ethnic or multi-cultural states where not only would it be difficult to establish a national identity based on cultural values but also where one group dominates the others at best, blatantly discriminates at worst. Would someone attempt to define what is the “culture” in Bosnia-Herzegovina? Or in Rwanda? Culture is a construct much more so than a reality and people can always find different levels of allegiance. Indeed, one critique of cultural relativism is that it leads to fragmentation. Cultural relativism as a tool is a legitimization of a behavior designed to preserve a structure of powers.In a study on Iranian women, Karen Miller illustrates that “in rejecting the aspirational character if universalism, relativism merely perpetuates traditional practice.” Miller insists notably on the fact that generally women have not taken a large part in determining the culture because traditionally, male activities have set the standards. In fact, violence against women seems to be common in many cultures.