传统上，人们一直认为妇女教育的投资增加是以下一代教育的增加为代价的。然而，一些作者有不同的看法。根据他们的母亲的孩子的教育之间的正相关关系不能完全被认为是真实的有点偏向上行由于教育和选型交配和遗传的“能力”之间的关系。其他的研究，他们认为没有考虑这些因素，从而得出结论，母亲教育和教育之间的关系呈阳性。在女性教育的增加没有在儿童教育方面的有益效果（2002 Jere R. Behrman Mark R. Rosenzweig）。增加母亲的教育和教育，反而使母亲集中在他们的家庭，家庭，特别是他们的孩子。强调妇女的时间是生育的一个重要因素，因此妇女应该更多地关注家庭而不是教育。这一点，他们认为将导致他们的孩子更好的学术前途。然而，在某些情况下，更好地教育母亲可以改善孩子的健康。基本上，投资妇女的学校教育的结果需要注意的作用，教育在劳动和婚姻市场的妇女。
Traditionally it has been thought that an increase in investment in women’s schooling pays off in the form of increased schooling of the next generation. Some authors have a different view however. According to them the positive relationship between mother-child schooling can not entirely be considered true as it is somewhat biased upward due to the correlations between schooling and assortative mating and heritable “ability”. The other studies, they argue have not considered these factors and thus conclude showing a positive relationship between mother-child schooling and education. “An increase in the schooling of women does not have beneficial effects in terms of the schooling of children” (Jere R. Behrman and Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2002). Increases maternal schooling and education instead makes the mothers concentrate less on their homes, family and specifically their children. It is emphasized that the time of the women is an essential factor in childbearing and thus women should concentrate more on their families and not on education. This, they argue will lead to a better academic future for their child. Better schooling of the mother however can improve a Childs health in certain situations. Basically the result of investing in women’s schooling requires attention to the role played by schooling in the labor and marriage market for women.