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澳洲麦考瑞论文代写:心理状态

当员工意识到三个关键的心理状态和核心工作维度之间存在关系时,就会产生内部激励。首先,他们经历有意义的工作,因为他们相信他们的工作是重要和值得的,通过增强技能多样性,任务同一性和任务意义。第二,他们亲身经历了对工作结果负责的过程,表现出工作的自主性。第三,他们通过工作反馈来了解自己的工作表现。如果这些关键的心理状态以良好的核心工作维度得以实现,那么员工将会在高内部工作动机、高满意度、高质量绩效、生产率提高、有效工作以及员工缺勤率和流动率降低的情况下获得良好的工作成果。管理者可以使用JCM来激励员工,但是,讲师呢?讲师的工作与学生密切相关。与JCM在管理者工作中的做法一样,讲师的工作实践是激励学生获得积极的学习成果。讲师和学生都有一个原则,使用五个核心工作特征,即技能多样性、任务同一性、任务意义、自主性和反馈。讲师担任管理角色,提供任务,组织任务,培训一组学生,评估学生的表现,并给予奖励。学生在员工规则中学习讲师想从任务中得到什么,接受培训,学习讲师的技能,完成任务,获得奖励。通过在课程中增加五项核心工作特征,实现了工作特征模型在讲师工作实践中的应用。

澳洲麦考瑞论文代写:心理状态

Working with internal motivation occurs when the employee realized that there was a relationship between three critical psychological states and core job dimensions. First, they experience meaningful work because they believe their works are important and worthwhile, by enhanced skill variety, task identity, and task significance. Second, they experience personally responsible for the outcomes of the work, by presence the job autonomy. Third, they learn to know how well they performed their jobs by job feedback. If these critical psychological states are fulfilled with well core job dimensions, the employee will experience well work outcomes with high internal work motivation, high satisfaction, high-quality performance, productivity improvement, effective work, and reduced percentage of employee absence and turnover.Managers can use JCM to motivate the employee, but, how about lecturers? Lecturers’ work closely related with students. Same as JCM in managers’ work, lecturers’ work practice is to motivate students to positive learning outcomes. Both lecturer and students are in a rule using five core job characteristics, which are skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback. The lecturers are in managerial roles providing tasks, structuring the task, training a group of student, giving evaluate of students performance, and giving reward. The students are in an employee rule learning what lecturers want from the task, taking training, learning lecturers’ skills, finishing task, receiving reward. Application of job characteristics model to lecturers’ work practice is attained by increasing five core job characteristics in their course.