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澳洲墨尔本论文代写:杀戮是错误的描述

马奎斯指出了两种认为杀戮是错误的描述,一种是中止描述,即杀戮会自动终止生命,中止受害者的生活体验;另一种是欲望描述,即杀戮会妨碍其他任何欲望实现所必需的强烈的基本欲望的实现(195)。更糟糕的是,杀害那些很少或根本不想活下去的人在道德上是错误的。杀死无意识的人、睡觉的人、厌倦生活的人、甚至自杀的人,同样是错误的。胎儿缺乏生存的欲望,这使得堕胎是错误的.人们渴望生活,因为他们珍视生活所能提供的一切。此外,生命的美好并非次于人们对它的渴望,因为它本来就是如此;过早死亡的痛苦很容易被适当的欲望所取代。尽管胎儿没有能力去珍惜他们的未来,而且他们的未来对他们来说也没有价值,但是要注意胎儿的未来对其他人来说也是有价值的。支持堕胎的基础上一个实体不能拥有生存的权利,除非它渴望的存在可以很容易地反对,因为失败的个体兴趣的东西并不意味着个人没有权利。同样地,班森关于胎儿缺乏知觉,即使流产也不会被冤枉,也不会成为受害者的论点,也同样不被认同,因为胎儿有前途,而且在流产时也可能成为受害者,因为胎儿被剥夺了未来和前途.

澳洲墨尔本论文代写:杀戮是错误的描述

Marquis identifies two accounts that make killing wrong, namely, the discontinuation account whereby killing automatically terminates life and discontinues the experience of living to the victim, and the desire account, whereby killing interferes with the fulfillment of strong fundamental desire necessary for any other desire to be fulfilled (195). This is compounded by the fact that it is morally wrong to kill people who have little or no desire to live. It is equally wrong to kill the unconscious, the sleeping, those who are tired of living and even those who are suicidal. A fetus lacks desire to live and this makes abortion to be wrong (Marquis 195). People desire to live because they value what life has to offer. Furthermore the goodness of life is not secondary to people’s desire for it because it were so; the pain of premature death would be easily replaced with appropriate desire.Despite the fact that fetuses are not in a position to value their future and their future may not be valuable to them, It is important to note that the future of a fetus is valuable to other people . Support of abortion on the basis that an entity cannot possess the right to life unless it has the desire for its continued existence can easily be disapproved by the fact that failure of an individual to have interest in something does not mean that the individual does not have a right to it (Marquis199). Similarly, Bansen’s argument that a fetus lacks sentience, it cannot be wronged and cannot be a victim even if aborted is equally disapproved by the fact that fetuses have prospects and can be victims when aborted because they are deprived of their future and their prospects