Assignment help

澳洲墨尔本论文代写:政策制定

本文采用系统理论的动态分析方法,作为理解政策制定与政策评价之间相互关系的基础。动态分析检验变量之间的相互依赖效应,时间滞后效应和反馈循环作为分析的一部分。动态分析与静态分析有很大的不同,静态分析假定独立变量和因变量之间存在单向关系。静态分析假设一些自变量的变化将导致一个或多个因变量的变化,而动态分析将双向关系或反馈循环引入被调查的关系系统(即,在双向关系中,一个变量的变化将影响第二个变量,这反过来又影响了第一个——两个变量的变化一直持续到平衡或系统崩溃发生。对它们在实现期间和之后的性能进行检查是很容易的。随后,政策是否有效的证据将反馈到政策制定的最初阶段,以便在必要时重新制定政策。这是基于这样一个事实:公共政策不是永恒的真理,而是需要改变的假设,需要设计新的更好的假设,直到这些反过来被证明是不令人满意的。为此,本文大胆地评估了SA中有哪些程序,以及根据文献,应该采取哪些程序,以便政府能够向其公民解释公共政策的执行情况。

澳洲墨尔本论文代写:政策制定

This paper employs a dynamic analysis approach of the systems theory as a basis for understanding the interrelationship between policy making and policy evaluation. Dynamic analysis examines interdependent effects among variables over time, with time lags on effects and feedback loops as part of the analysis. Dynamic analysis differs significantly from static analysis which assumes unidirectional relationships between the independent and dependent variables in the analysis. While static analysis assumes that a change in some independent variables will result in change in one or more dependent variables, dynamic analysis introduces two-way relationship or feedback loops into the system of relationships being investigated (that is, in the two-way relationship, a change in one variable affects the second, which in turn affects the first – changes in both variables continue until equilibrium or system collapse occurs .Thus this paper moves from the premise that if policies are based on tested theories (theories that have been subjected to vigorous scientific procedures); examination of their performance during and after implementation is made easy. Subsequently, evidence of whether policies work or not will be feedback to the initial phase of policy formulation for policy redesign where necessary. This is premised on the fact that public policies are not eternal truths but rather hypotheses subject to alteration and to devising of new and better ones until these in turn are proved unsatisfactory . To this end, this paper ventures into assessing which procedures are in place in SA and which processes, according to literature, ought to be in place in order for government to be able to account to its citizens on the implementation of public policies.