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澳洲人类学论文代写:截瘫

年度的人经历一个脊髓损伤:大约12000新病例每年脊髓损伤的发生。脊髓损伤可以导致机动车事故,瀑布,暴力、体育和其他事件或未知的[19]。截瘫是人们在脊髓受伤。这种损伤可能会导致瘫痪病人身体的任何部位或全身。这是叫脊髓损伤的神经学家。脊髓损伤是脊髓损伤导致失去感觉和运动控制。(新脊髓损伤发生率)预计将更高的例如,在我们的国家在沙捞越总医院神经外科服务,每个月有一个例脊柱损伤[21]。

截瘫的需要运动康复治疗瘫痪。其中有几个类型的康复,治疗,医学、运动锻炼和菲斯。坐站运动是治疗和锻炼方法之一。这是一个很常见的为病人和简单的运动。传统的方法治疗,病人将由对方为自己的锻炼和帮助将只使用上半身肌肉进行锻炼和下半身肌肉会较弱。近年来,在医学工程已经取得进展有可能恢复运动截瘫的人通过使用功能性电刺激(FES)。菲斯是一种治疗方法,可以使用。菲斯可以通过迫使肌肉与低水平的电流。它将帮助病人的锻炼。菲斯可以由许多类型的控制器控制;模糊逻辑是一种控制器,使用和仍在观察。

澳洲人类学论文代写:截瘫

Annual number of people who experience a spinal cord injury: About 12,000 new cases of spinal cord injury occur each year. Spinal cord injury can be causes by motor vehicle accidents, falls; violence, sports incidents and other or unknown [19]. The paraplegic is people that injured at spinal cord. This injury can cause paralyze on any part of patient body or the whole body. This is call spinal cord injuries by neurologist. Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that causes loss of sensation and motor control. The incidence (new spinal cord injuries) is expected to be much higher in our country for example, in the Neurosurgical service in Sarawak General Hospital, there is a case of spine injury every month [21].

Paraplegic need movement rehabilitation to treat the paralyze. There are few types of rehabilitation among them; treatment, medicine, movement exercise and FES. Sit to stand movement is one of the methods for treatment and exercise. It was a very common and easy exercise for the patient. The traditional way of treatment, patient will be help by other person for their exercise and will use only the upper body muscle to perform the exercise and the lower body muscle will get weaker. In recent years, progress in medical engineering has made it possible to restore movement in paraplegic persons through the use of functional electrical stimulation (FES).FES is one of the treatments that can be use. FES can help by forcing the muscle to move with a low level of electrical current. It will help patient for their exercise. FES can be control by many type of controller; fuzzy logic is one of the controllers that had been use and still under observation.