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澳洲社会学assignment代写:种族定性的道德问题

基于上述理论,种族定性的道德问题可以从两个方面来解决。功利主义理论可以通过声称种族定性是为了确保公共安全而进行的来为种族定性的使用辩护。这些操作的结果对所有人都有更大的好处,因此继续使用分析系统是合理的。然而,这种定性并不能完全保证安全局势的改善,甚至犯罪的减少。运用康德的道德观,种族定性的行为本身就是错误的。该理论对义务感的义务论方法是决定行为不道德与否的关键。警察有维护法律的责任,同样的法律规定所有人在法律眼中都是平等的。仅仅因为人们看起来可能触犯法律就对他们另眼相看,警察自己就放弃了维护法律的职责,并因此做出不道德的行为。种族定性可能基于一个人的内在品质,考虑到他们的背景。尽管人们普遍认为我们生活在后种族时代,但种族主义在当今仍然很盛行。种族定性通常是系统性种族主义的结果,在种族主义的实践中,社会和政治机构有着微妙的表达(Feagin, 2013)。这种形式的种族主义是非常微妙的,不易辨认,但是对社会上多数人与少数人之间目前存在的差距进行更仔细的审查将有助于揭露这种现象。

澳洲社会学assignment代写:种族定性的道德问题

Based on the above theories, the issue of morality of racial profiling can be tackled on two aspects. The theory of utilitarianism can be used to justify the utilization of racial profiling by claiming that it is being conducted to ensure public safety. The consequences of these actions are for the greater good for all thereby the continual use of the profiling system is justified. The profiling however does not completely guarantee the improvement of the security situation or even the reduction of crime. Using the Kantian theory, the sense of morality implies that the action of racial profiling is wrong by itself. The theory’s deontological approach to the sense of obligation is key in determining the immorality of the actions. The police have the duty to uphold the law, the same law that stipulates that all people are equal in the eyes of the law. By treating people differently just because they look like they may potentially break the law, the police themselves are abandoning their duty in upholding the law and are subsequently acting immorally.Racial profiling may be based on intrinsic qualities of an individual, considering the background they come from. Racism is still rife in the current time despite the general opinion that we live in post racial times. Racial profiling usually comes as a result of systemic racism where there social and political institutions have subtle expressions in the practice of racism (Feagin, 2013). This form of racism is very subtle and is not easily recognizable but closer scrutiny at the disparities present between the majorities and minorities in society will help bring it to light.