安全评估通过使用检查表来确定迫在眉睫的危害威胁，以帮助工人确保儿童的安全(Wells & Correia, 2012)。此外，风险是虐待的长期可能性，这是在对家庭进行安全评估后提出的(Wells & Correia, 2012)。继续，另一种评估需求的方法是酒精和药物评估。对于我们来说，了解物质障碍的概率是很重要的，如果这是病人面临的一个问题。用来解决这个问题的常用工具是药物滥用精细筛选清单(SASSI)。该工具的目的，是检测基于有效性的物质使用，而不考虑诚实或动机(Feldstein, s.w.， & Miller, 2007)。最后一种评估重点领域的方法是通过心理评估。对于一个人来说，造成心理健康问题的原因有很多。心理健康问题的一些原因可能是遗传、死亡、创伤等等。无论如何，社区的心理健康是非常重要的。在进行心理评估时，通常使用两种工具:贝克抑郁量表和贝克焦虑量表。开发这些工具是为了以低成本和高效率评估和筛查焦虑和抑郁症状(Eack, Singer， & Greeno)。使用这些工具可以有效地进行诊断并提供必要的建议。在一天结束的时候，评估是让我们的客户达到他们的目标的一个组成部分。评估可以影响决策和生活的其他方面。当我们进行评估时，我们允许他们有学习的潜力，做出改变，最重要的是满足他们的特定需求。如上所述，多伊夫人是一名36岁的高加索女性，有两个孩子，一个3岁，一个12岁。多伊夫人目前独自居住，因为她最近的丈夫被监禁，她的两个孩子目前都在州政府的监护之下。在多伊夫人的安全和风险评估期间，发现多伊夫人确实有适当的住房，交通，没有收入。此外，多伊太太抱怨说，由于丈夫分居、失去孩子和经济问题，她感到“紧张”和“没有动力”。然而，多伊夫人确实依靠她的南方浸信会宗教来寻求安慰。这已经不是多伊夫人第一次表达自己的抑郁情绪了。多伊夫人透露，她亲眼目睹了她父亲的自杀和第二任丈夫的自杀。多伊从来没有接受过正式的治疗。在她父亲去世之前，她的母亲和父亲都抚养多伊夫人。多伊夫人过去曾表示，她与母亲和父亲关系密切。多伊女士没有任何兄弟姐妹，她的祖父母和外祖父母都已经去世。多伊夫人结过三次婚，她第一次结婚是在18岁。Does夫人没有提到有任何亲密的朋友或主要兴趣。多伊夫人受过高中教育，早婚后就对上大学不感兴趣了。到目前为止，多伊夫人从未遇到过任何法律麻烦。由于吸毒，多伊夫人最近失去了对她孩子的监护权，并以危害儿童罪被逮捕和起诉。
Safety assessments identify an imminent threat of harm by using a checklist to assist workers on ensuring safety of a child (Wells & Correia, 2012). Furthermore, risk is long-term likelihood of maltreatment and this is addressed after the conclusion of a safety assessment evaluating the family (Wells & Correia, 2012). Moving on, another way to assess needs would be an alcohol and drug assessment. It is important for us to know the probability of a substance disorder if that is an issue that is present for the client. A common tool used to address this issue, is the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI). The purpose of this tool, is to detect substance use based on validity regardless of honesty or motivation (Feldstein, S. W., & Miller, 2007). The final way to assess the area of focus could be through a psychological evaluation. There can be many reason to what causes mental health issues for an individual. Some causes for mental health issues could be hereditary, death, trauma, and so on. Regardless, mental health in a community is very important to address. When a psychological evaluation is conducted, there are two common tools used, Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory. The tools were developed for assessing and screening anxiety and depressive symptoms at a low cost and efficient rate (Eack, Singer, & Greeno). Using these tools can effectively make a diagnosis and provide needed recommendations. At the end of the day, assessment is an integral part of allowing our client to meet their goals. Assessment can affect the decisions and other aspects of life. When we are assessing, we are allowing them to have the potential to learn, make changes, and most importantly meet their specific needs. As stated above, Mrs. Doe is a 36-year-old Caucasian female with two children, ages three and twelve. Mrs. Doe currently resides alone due to her most recent husband’s incarceration and both her children currently in state custody. During Mrs. Doe’s Safety and Risk Assessment, found that Mrs. Doe does have appropriate housing, transportation, and no income. Furthermore, Mrs. Doe complains of feeling “stressed” and “unmotivated” due to the separation of her husband, losing her children, and having financial issues. However, Mrs. Doe does rely on her Southern Baptist religion for comfort. This is not the first time Mrs. Doe has expressed having depressed feelings. Mrs. Doe has disclosed of suffering from witnessing the suicide of her father and the suicide of her second husband. Mrs. Doe has never received formal treatment for either loss. Before the death of her father, both her mother and father raised Mrs. Doe. Mrs. Doe has stated in the past that she had a close relationship with both her mother and father. Mrs. Doe does not have any siblings and both her maternal and paternal grandparents are deceased. Mrs. Doe has been married three times with her earliest marriage coming at the age of eighteen. Mrs. Does has not mentioned of having any close friends or major interests. Mrs. Doe has a high school education and had no interest of college after her early marriage. Mrs. Doe has never been in any legal trouble until now. Mrs. Doe recently loss custody of her children to Child Protection Services, due to drug use, and was arrested and charged with Child endangerment.
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