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澳洲悉尼论文代写:变化的对象

最后,约翰·洛克说,我们定义对象主要和次要属性;主要的属性是不可否认的客观特征,如大小和形状,和二级属性被主观色彩和味道等。洛克的理论对现实叫做代表现实主义,认为检测数据(立即感知的对象,这不是一个物体;感觉印象)在某种程度上代表了所涉及的对象和这些对象都由我们的生产数据。我们的知觉对象从而间接;因此,现实主义是一种间接的现实主义的代表。(认识论概论,第二版,277)这种观点认为,我们经历现实间接代表真实世界的认知。所以,如果我们看到一个棕色的桌子,我们实际上看到的不是表本身而是它的表示。通过这种方式,不同的感知在光照条件发生变化,观众的位置,等等,可以很容易地解释说:这不是变化的对象,只有它的感知。作为一个例子,一个人站在角落的一个繁忙的公路和证人两辆车相撞。司机都没有受伤,但走出他们的汽车检查损失。司机是一位年轻的母亲带着一个小孩在车的后面;司机B是一个商业执行官匆忙;证人是一个老人戴眼镜。这两个司机争论谁的错,男人的方法,提供了证实他看到发生了什么。每个人看到什么?正确的观点是谁的?

澳洲悉尼论文代写:变化的对象

Lastly, John Locke stated that we define objects by primary and secondary properties; primary properties being undeniably objective features such as size and shape, and secondary properties being subjective such as colour and taste. Locke’s theory on reality is called Representative Realism, it is the view that sense data (an immediate object of perception, which is not a material object; a sense impression) somehow represents the objects and that these objects are causally involved in our production of the sense data. Our perception of objects is thus indirect; hence, representative realism is a kind of indirect realism. (An Introduction to Epistemology, second edition, 277) This view argues that we experience reality indirectly by perceptions that represent the real world. So, if we see a brown table, what we are actually seeing is not the table itself but a representation of it. In this way, differences of perception which occur due to changes in light conditions, position of viewer, etc., can be easily explained: it is not the object which is changing, only the perception of it. As an example, a man is standing on the corner of a busy road and witnesses two cars collide. Neither driver is hurt, but both step out of their cars to inspect the damage. Driver A is a young mother with a young child in the back of the car; driver B is a business executive in a hurry; the witness is an old man wearing glasses. As the two drivers argue about whose fault it was, the man approaches them and offers to confirm what he saw happening. What does each of them see? Whose is the correct view?