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澳洲哲学代写ASSIGNMENT:德国人民赞成民主

另一方面,可以认为,德国人民赞成民主,但缺乏民主的原则基础,因为许多人设想改革他们以前的君主制度。很明显,魏玛在付诸实践之前从来没有全心全意地支持过。此外,右翼团体还攻击民主,主要是因为《凡尔赛条约》的签署,因为他们的成员非常强大,高度融入了国家、社会、商业、公务员、军队、大学和教会的主要机构。[26]这凸显了魏玛政府的一个缺陷,因为联合政党没有统一的目标,这被证明很难实施政策和对付对手。左翼激进分子的攻击也危及民主。1919年1月,试图推翻政府的左翼组织——斯巴达克斯党(Spartacus)试图推翻政府,但这一企图被军队和自由军团镇压。尽管魏玛在这些袭击中幸存下来,但这些起义失败的原因是这些反对派缺乏明确的目标和另一种制度。更严重的是,该条约所造成的经济负担,使得改革和税收政策变得困难重重。[27]因此,在1914年的时候,德国在经济上比以前更弱,因为他们增加了国家债务,通货膨胀和赔偿的价值达到了1320亿马克

澳洲哲学代写ASSIGNMENT:德国人民赞成民主

On the other hand it could be argued that German people were in favour of democracy but lacked the principle foundations of it, as many envisioned a progressive reform of their previous monarch system. Never the less it is clear that the Weimar was never whole heartedly supported even before it came into practice. Additionally Right wing groups also attacked democracy mainly because of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, because their members were incredibly powerful being were highly integrated into the major institutions of state, society, business, civil service, army, universities and churches.[26] This highlights a flaw in the Weimar government, because the coalition parties were not united with a common goal this was proved difficult to implement policies and deal with opponents. Attacks from the Left wing radicals also endangered democracy. In January 1919 an attempt was made from the Left wing group, the Spartacus’s who attempted to overthrow the government, however this was crushed by the army and the Freikorps. Although the Weimar did survive these attacks, arguably these uprisings only failed not because these opposition groups lacked clear aims and an alternative system. Even more the economic burden created by the Treaty, made continued reforms and tax policies difficult.[27] Thus Germany was now economically weaker then previously in 1914 as they had increased national debts, inflated currency and reparation stood at the value of 132 billion marks