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assignment写作中比较常见的七类禁语

当留学生在写assignment或其他类似的学术文章时,一些在日常对话和演讲中使用的词汇不能使用。你应该尽量避免太随便,太简单,含糊,夸张,主观和其他不必要的话。作为一家经验丰富的澳洲论文代写机构,本文小编为大家分享了7种禁忌语。希望同学们写assignment时要小心。

一、Too informal

以下列举一个我们学生常用不正式词的例子,及可改用的其它词。

1. Isn’t, can’t, doesn’t, would’ve. The sample isn’t….

Alternative(改为): The sample is not…..

2. The interviews were a bit difficult to schedule.

Alternative: The interviews were somewhat difficult to schedule

3. A lot of / a couple of studies

Alternative(改为): (Many/several/a great number of/eight) studies

4. The findings were kind of / sort of significant

Alternative: The findings were (somewhat significant/ significant to some degree)

5.From 2008 till 2012

Alternative(改为): From 2008 (until/to) 2012

6. You, your (i.e. the second-person point of view)

Youcan clearly see the results

Alternative(改为): One can clearly see the results. Or, the results can clearly be seen

以上所列只是非正式词汇的一部分,其他常用于英语口语的词汇不够正式。为了避免使用其他非正式词汇,你可以阅读更多学术语言的文章,比如雅思剑桥真题后面的考官范文或外国英语论文。请注意,我们通常听的剧本,如演讲、电影和美剧,都不是学术词汇。

特别强调:为了让大脑对形式词的使用做出快速反应,我们需要添加形式词的语音输入,因为你通常在写文章时首先想到这些词的声音。因此,你可以大声朗读标准的学术段落,甚至背诵一些句子和段落。

二、Too unsophisticated words

太过于简单的词不能使用, 因为它们没有学术的感觉。如果用太多这样的词,你的写作就感觉非常初级 (就像是小学生写的), 应该尽量用一些比较复杂老练的词来代替 (当然一定要用准确)。另外,写作中尽量用一个稍复杂的词来代替短语,这样学术feel更浓些。例如:

1. A bad result

Alternative(改为): A (poor/negative) result

2. A big sample

Alternative(改为): A (large/sizable) sample

3. This model gets attention

Alternative(改为): This model receives attention

4. This chapter gives an overview

Alternative: This chapter (provides/offers/presents) an overview

5.A good example

Alternative(改为): A (useful/prime) example

6. The below figure shows

Alternative: The below figure (illustrates/ demonstrates/ reveals)

三、Too vague

使用模糊的术语会使你的写作不精确,并可能导致人们以不同的方式来解释它。避免使用下面的表达式,并尽可能具体。

原: People are concerned about their stuff.

改: People are concerned about their (belongings, possessions, personal effects)

原: The report presents many things

改: The report present many(details/findings/recommendations)

四、Too exaggerated

学术写作通常简单直接。一些频率副词(如always和never)、最高副词(指某物程度最高的词,如best)和加强副词(指产生强调的词,如very)往往过于戏剧化。它们也可能是不准确的-当你说某件事是完美的或从未发生过,你是在提出一个重要的要求。这些术语有时确实会增加价值,但使用时要谨慎。例如:

原: Perfect, best, worst, most, always, never (or any other superlative) The perfect solution to the problem

改: (An ideal solution/one of the best solutions) to the problem

原: Very, extremely, really, too, so (or any other intensifier) This theory is extremely important

改: This theory is (important/critical/crucial)

五、Too subjective

有些词和短语可以揭示你自己的观点或偏见。例如,如果你说某件事会很明显地发生,你实际上是在表明你认为它很明显,而不是说一个事实。表达您的意见通常只适用于论文的某些部分(即前言、致谢、讨论和反思),例如:

原: ugly, wonderful, horrible, good. The literature review included many good articles

改: The literature review included many articles

原: The participants naturally wanted to know

改: The participants wanted to know

原: The results obviouslyindicate

改: The results indicate

六、Generally unnecessary

你应该努力使你的学术文章尽可能简洁。避免添加没有意义的单词和短语,即使你认为它们会给你的写作带来更精致的感觉,例如:

原: This thesis has got four chapters

改: This thesis has four chapters

原: This chapter serves to explain

改: This chapter explains

七、 Generally incorrect

不恰当地使用单词和短语并不少见,即使是对以英语为母语的人来说也是如此。如果你经常遇到这样的错误,你可能会开始认为它们是正确的,但重要的是不要让它们被写进你的作品中。你还应该记住,有些错误与我们经常听到的错误有关(例如,我们经常认为说话者说“would of instead of would have” 。

原: The students were literally dying to participate

改: The students were (dying/very eager) to participate

原: The study would of considered

改: The study would have considered

以上便是为大家总结的在assignment写作中比较常见的七类禁语,希望同学们要引起重视。最后如果需要assignment代写的同学们请扫描二维码联系客服,我们将竭诚为大家提供最优质、最专业、最安全、最靠谱的代写服务。