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Biotechnology Assignment 代写 Making Punishment Fit The Crime Criminology Essay

犯罪如毒品、偷窃和伪造,是非暴力的,有时是无受害人的犯罪,但超过一半的美国监狱人口由这些类型的罪犯。Â大部分的监狱在美国的房子比他们得到了更多的囚犯。Â美国花费更多的监禁每年超过四百亿美元。监狱人满为患,似乎是许多人远离监狱的原因,被判处短期监禁,并发布之前很久,句子是完整的。Â猥亵儿童,持枪的劫匪和强奸犯往往假释作为一种解决缓解监狱人满为患。同时,一些初犯,犯非暴力犯罪都没有机会被假释,有时最终服务比罪犯,暴力犯罪更多的时间。

替代量刑可以作为监狱过度拥挤和不公平的处罚救济。Â替代量刑程序的设计使Â处罚符合罪行。Â而不是发送一个非暴力罪犯的监狱,罪犯被判处刑罚或者如缓刑、电子监控、社区服务、毒品和酒精康复Â替代。量刑可以帮助罪犯重新犯罪,从而减少监狱人口少花纳税人的钱的监狱。Â还可以帮助那些已经完成句子过渡到社会成功的囚犯。Â一些州,如宾夕法尼亚,被减刑释放非暴力犯人为了他们参与量刑程序的替代品。ÂÂ然而,为了接收选择量刑,犯罪者必须符合一定的资格,如不具有很长的犯罪记录,没有犯重罪,不能自己或社区带来风险。

Crimes such as drug possession, petty theft, and forgery are non-violent, sometimes victimless crimes, yet over half the United States’ prison population consists of these type of offenders. Most prisons in the United States house more prisoners than they were built to hold. The United States spends more than forty billion dollars each year on incarceration. Prison overcrowding seems to be the reason that many offenders are kept out of prison, sentenced to short prison terms, and released long before their sentence is complete. Child molesters, armed robbers, and rapists are often paroled as a solution to easing prison overcrowding. Meanwhile, some first-time offenders that commit non-violent crimes are not given the opportunity to be paroled and sometimes end up serving more time than offenders that commit violent crimes.

Alternative sentencing can serve as a remedy to prison overcrowding and unfair punishment. Alternative sentencing is a program designed to make punishments fit the crime. Rather than sending a non-violent offender to prison, offenders are alternatively sentenced to punishments such as probation, electronic monitoring, community service, and drug and alcohol rehabilitation.  Alternative sentencing can help to keep an offender from re- offending, thus decreasing the prison population and spending less taxpayer money on prisons. It can also help inmates who have completed their sentence transition back into society successfully.  Some states, like Pennsylvania, are reducing prison sentences and releasing non-violent prisoners in order for them to participate in alternative sentencing programs.  However, in order to receive alternative sentencing, offenders must meet certain qualifications such as not having a lengthy criminal record, not having committed a serious felony, and must not pose a risk to themselves or the community.