In the six decades before the late eighteenth/nineteenth century, economic growth in Great Britain was either slow or non-existent. This was marked by a non-existent change in income levels and productivity. A main reason why economic growth was so slow during this time period was that "Britain tried to do two things at once - industrialize and fight expensive wars, and she simply did not have the resources to do both." However, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, Great Britain started stepping towards becoming a modern industrial nation. As W. Rostow would say, England moved from a traditional society towards reaching an age of mass consumption. "The industrial revolution transformed Great Britain from a nation of agricultural villages into a nation of factory towns." There were many key reasons why the industrial revolution took off. One of them was the decline of the manorial system, where communal farming was abandoned for the more productive family farms. Another was the improvement of technology across all industries. With the help of enhanced transportation technology such as railroads and canals, trade within and beyond England expanded and flourished. Following these changes was the introduction of the factories. The first industry to develop factories was the textile industry, and soon other industries such as the mining and agriculture ones soon followed. The socioeconomic and cultural implications the revolution had on England during the 18th and 19th centuries was grand. With an increase of productivity and output, many institutions were created in order to regulate the industries, purchasing power for Great Britain increased, and with the opening of factories there was mass migration from rural areas to urban city centers. There were unfortunate effects of the revolution as well, for example, the living standards in some cases decreased drastically and working conditions, especially for children were horrifying.