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Leadership is a key factor of good public administration, which is a main subject for current work in international organizations such as OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). Administration can be concisely explained as the way in which the fundamental principles ​​of a nation are institutionalized. This has formal features such as checks and balances, transparency, separated powers, means the transfer of power, and accountability. Hence, public leadership has been a focal point of attention and a number of experimental studies. In this research paper, I will discuss some main issues related to public leadership and leadership development in international context, and then give some basic information about development of public leadership theories, finally embed them in the context of local governments.

According to the OECD, public leadership has a considerable meaning for a good administration, particularly for a good public administration. The definition of the governance (or administration) concept is stated by OECD in “Public Sector Leadership for the 21st century: Executive summary” that:

The recognition of the importance of public leaders’ actions and officials’ ones also effects on the definition of administration, because public leaders and officials are those who directly guide the organization towards good administration. Besides, the responsibility of implementing the good administration values belongs to the public leaders. Thus, good administration is only reachable due to the acts of public leaders. Consequently, leadership is the core of good administration. The responsibility of public leaders is also defined by OECD that: