I conducted my observation at John Hopkins Hospital during a week day in the course of last month. In accordance to the definition of social institutions, it is appropriate to categorize a hospital as a social institution. This is due to the fact that in a hospital there are social positions groups associated to each other because of social relations, undertaking a number of social roles. Upon arrival at the Hospital I was directed to the deputy nurse manager who is generally in charge with the daily hospital operations. This is where I managed to obtain a brief history of how the hospital was founded. The Hopkins Hospital is situated in Baltimore which is in the Maryland state in the U.S. The hospital operates as a teaching as well as a facility for biomedical research for the medicine students enrolled in the Medicine School of Hopkins University. It was actually established using funds which were donated by Johns Hopkins who should be considered as a true philanthropist. Hopkins who was a merchant alongside being a banker in Baltimore left behind an estate worth seven million U.S dollars (which is currently equivalent to 123.8 million U.S dollars) at the time of his death in the eve to Christmas in 1873. He actually met his death at the age of seventy eight years. Hopkins had requested his fortune to be utilized for the establishment of two institutions that is a hospital and a University named after him in his will. In the U.S history, this is considered as the largest altruistic act (Harvey et al 79).
Hopkins Hospital as well as the medicine school are basically the premier institutions which lead to the birth of modern medicine in America. In deed, most of the traditions currently found in the field of medicine such as "houses staff", "rounds" in addition to "residents" originated from these institutions. Besides, several medical specialties such as urology, child psychiatry, endocrinology, neuro surgery, cardiac surgery and gynecologic pathology were first conducted in this hospital. This has made the hospital to be classified as the world's greatest hospital. The mission of these two institutions is to contribute towards the improvement of both community health as well as world health through the establishment of excellent standards in clinical care, research alongside medical education.
In the course of the eight hour observation which I conducted in the hospital, I discovered that this institution receives quite a great number of visitors on a daily basis. This is mostly due to the fact that the institution conducts diverse activities such as educating scientists, medical students, professionals in the health care sector in addition to attending to both in-patient and out-patients. This institution is also involved in coming up with methods which can be used in the prevention and treatment of human illnesses. Due to the nature of its operations, the hospital has approximately ten thousand visitors on a daily basis. This has lead to the expansion of the hospital so as to cater for this big number of visitors. It was amazing to learn that the hospital has actually eighty entrances