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悉尼心理学作业代写:人类行为法则

再回到心理学领域,IPA的形成是为了回应两种与人类行为法则相适应的定性思维方法之间的紧急划分:现象学和后实证主义(Smith, 2015)。开创性的研究人员,如史密斯(2015)指出了实证主义思潮是如何前沿和中心;因此,把重点放在对个人经验的理解上的替代方法搁置一旁。然而,Alase(2017)认为正是胡塞尔在理解生活经验的语境中概念化和理论化了IPA。历史研究将现象学理论与IPA的基础联系起来,指出解释学现象学(参与经验)的广泛使用,因为它与对生活的解释有关。Alase(2017)再次提到,像van Manen和Moustakas这样的研究人员是现象学理论澄清和应用的重要先驱,因为他们增加了IPA的可用性在不同研究领域的应用。其他重要的研究人员,如William James和Gordon Allport(引用Smith, Larkin, and Flowers, 2009)支持这一点,并主张定性研究的分析,而不是集中在大规模的人口样本和定量概括数据。Husserl认为(Alase, 2017),通过现象学方法的定性数据分析提供了一种结构化的收集方法,因为几个人在观察他们的生活经历时具有共同的意义。这个过程是由研究者来解释的,研究者必须理解语言的意义。虽然不能否认经验的真实性,但必须把有关经验的假设括起来。Alase(2017)认为,经验是知识的源泉。在创建可访问数据的基础时,遵循这些指导原则是简单而有效的。

悉尼心理学作业代写:人类行为法则

Harkening back to the field of psychology, IPA was fashioned in response to the emergent division between two alternate approaches of qualitative thought geared toward the laws of human behavior: phenomenological and post-positivist (Smith, 2015). Seminal researchers like Smith (2015) pointed out how positivist streams of thought were front and center; thereby relegating alternative approaches that focused in on the understanding of the individual experience. However, Alase (2017) contends that it was Husserl who conceptualized and theorized IPA in context to the understanding of lived experience. Linking the theory of phenomenology to IPA underpinnings, historical research points to the extensive use of hermeneutical phenomenology (participant experience) as it related to the interpretation of the life lived. Again, Alase (2017) refers to researchers like van Manen and Moustakas as essential forerunners in the clarification and employment of phenomenological theories as they increased the application of IPA’s usability to different research concentrations.Other seminal researchers like William James and Gordon Allport (as cited in Smith, Larkin, and Flowers, 2009) buoyed this point and argued for the analysis of a qualitative study that didn’t focus on large population samples and generalize data quantitatively. As Husserl contended (Alase, 2017), qualitative data analysis through a phenomenological approach provides a structured method of collection as there is a common meaning for several individuals when looking at their lived experiences. The process is interpretive on the part of the researcher who then must make meaning of the language. Though the reality of experience cannot be denied, assumptions about it must be bracketed. As Alase (2017) asserts, the experience is the source of knowledge. Adherence to these guidelines is straightforward and effective in creating a foundation of accessible data.

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